Today we will learn some common synonyms:
1. Hear ~ Listen (verb)
Hear: to be aware of sounds with your ear (not prepare before hearing)
E.g. She heard footsteps behind her.
Listen: to pay attention to somebody or something that you can hear (active to what you will hear)
E.g. Listen! What is that noise? Can you hear it?
2. Lone ~ Alone (adjective)
Lone: without any other people or things. Always BEFORE noun
E.g. The attack was carried out by a lone gunman in a crowed shopping center.
Alone: without any other people or things. Always AFTER noun.
E.g. I don’t like going out alone at night.
3. See ~ Watch (verb)
See: to be aware of sounds with your eyes. (short time, not pay much attention)
E.g. He could see that she had been crying.
Watch: pay much more attention than see – longer time.
E.g. She watched the kids playing in the yard.
4. Special ~ Especial ~ Particular (adjective)
Special: not ordinary or usual; different from what is normal. (NOT before noun)
E.g. There is something special about this place.
Especial: greater or better than usual.(ONLY before noun)
E.g. The lecture will be of especial interest to history students.
Particular: used to emphasize what is different from others. (ONLY before noun)
E.g. There is one particular patient I’d like you to see.
5. Intelligent ~ Smart (adjective)
Intelligent: good at learning, understanding and thinking in a logical way about things; showing ability.
E.g. She is a highly intelligent girl.
Smart: quickly understand something happening
E.g. That was a smart career move.