I will tell you some ways by using the various forms of a correct sentence to build up the more beautiful sentences

1. Exclamatory:

 

How beautiful you are!

How wonderful!

How you do it!

What a wonderful place!

What the genius man he is!

What a shot!


Other:

 

So easy the lesson is!

Here you are!

Here comes the rain!

There you go!

 

2. Implied clause:

While I was crossing the street, I ran into him.

While crossing the street, I ran into him.

When I am in that class, I am a class monitor.

When in that class, I am a class monitor.

3. To Be and similar patterns:

To rehearse the speech before the mirror several times is necessary.

It is necessary to rehearse the speech before the mirror several times

I want to go abroad.

It is me who wants to go abroad.

I love you very much.

It is you whom I love very much.

4. Emphasis forms:

  • Ordinary verbs:

I do hate chicken

She did meet me yesterday.

  • Reflexive pronoun:

I cook the huge meal myself.

 

 

5. Inversion:

  • Negative adverbs of frequently (never, seldom, hardly, rarely)

Ex: Seldom do I go out with him.

  • No more do I eat instant noodle.

No longer can I stand her temper.

No sooner had I arrived at the airport than they returned home.

  • Under no circumstances do tell my secret to my sister.

(Under no circumstances: to emphasize that something should never happened)

  • On no account should the house be left unlocked.

(On no account: not for any reason)

  • I did not make a move when I saw a dog.

Not a single move did I made when I saw a dog.

He did not say any word when he flew into a fury.

Not a single word did he say when he flew into a fury.

He came back home up to midnight 2 days ago.

Not until midnight did he come back home 2 days ago

I will forgive him until he tells me the truth.

Not until he tells me the truth will I forgive him.

  • If clause:

Type 1:

If I study hard, I will pass that exam.

Should I study hard, I will pass that exam.

Only if I study hard, will I pass that exam.

Only when I study hard, will I pass that exam.

Type 2:

If I were you, I would invite him to the party.

Were I you, I would invite him to the party.

Type 3:

If I had not told a lie to her, she would not have broken up with me.

Had I not told a lie to her, she would not have broken up with me.

 

6. Subjunctive: This part  just concentrate on the present subjunctive

We must use the infinitive form and add “Not” for negative in some special cases:

  • Verbs:

 

Ask, require, request, demand

Suggest, propose, recommend

Advise

Order

Insist

Urge

Prefer

 

Ex:

I demand that he be there now.

I ask that she not go to Vung Tau tomorrow.

  • Nouns:

 

Requirement, request, demand

Suggestion, proposal, recommendation

Advice

Order

Insistence

Urgency

Preference

 

Ex:

My proposal is that he stay at home.

I give an order that we go to the coffee shop.

  • Adjective:

Necessary, essential

Important, vital

Compulsory, mandatory, imperative, obligatory

Ex:

It is vital that she be a good teacher.

It is imperative that he know how to make a good cake.

7. Other:

She is so beautiful that many men like her.

So beautiful is she that many men like her.

He not only plays basketball well but also can sing French songs.

Not only does he play basketball well but also he can sing French songs.

I know a little about Mars.

Little do I know about Mars.

 

by Vu Hoang Phuong Khanh